top of page

FORCE

Forecasting and Communicating Earthquake Hazard and Risk (FORCE)

Profile
Expected Outcomes
Training Schedule
Outreach
Photos
Publications

Overview

This project, supported by USAID Bureau for Humanitarian Assistance (BHA), aims to enhance earthquake hazard modeling capabilities in small communities, as well as to provide better risk models to account for changes in the number of occupants, structures and economic value exposed to earthquakes and the adverse effects of climate change. The project will evaluate future earthquake risk losses, thus supporting decision makers with risk metrics that account for the expected evolution of the built environment, which are fundamental for the design and implementation of long-term risk reduction measures.

Objectives

The project aims to strengthen the capacities and understanding to manage and respond to future earthquake risk by:


  • introducing future growth or change into national and global exposure models to enable the quantification of future disaster losses, including those associated with climate change;

  • developing communication and dissemination tools to maximize the uptake of disaster risk information in policy making bodies; and

  • improving the reliability of earthquake hazard and risk assessment, in particular in regions that lack information.


To achieve the above, the project will implement five components below:

  • Predicting the evolution of the built environment and population

  • Forecasting future disaster risk due to earthquakes

  • Incorporating infrastructure in exposure modeling for risk assessment

  • Modeling earthquake hazard and risk for small communities

  • Advancing communication and dissemination of risk information



Collaborators


Funding partner:

  • USAID Bureau for Humanitarian Assistance (BHA)


El Salvador:

  • Science partner: University of El Salvador (contact Manual Menjivar, associate Professor).

  • Government partner: Ministerio de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales, MARN (contacts Douglas Antonio Hernández, Geology Area Coordinator, and Luis Mixco, seismologist).


Nepal:

  • Science partner: National Society for Earthquake Technology, NSET (contact Surya Narayan Shrestha, Executive Director).

  • Government partner: National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Authority (NDRRMA).


Bhutan:

  • Science partner: College of Science and Technology-Royal University of Bhutan (contact Chimi Wangmo, Head of Department, Civil Engineering DepartmentCheki Dorji).


Pacific partners:

  • Secretariat of Pacific Community (SPC), Geoscience, Energy and Maritime Division (contact Litea Biukoto, Geohazards Risk Management Leader)


Indian Ocean partner:

  • The Indian Ocean Commission IOC, (contact Gina Bonne, Director)


Government partners: 

  • Member states and territories of the SPC and IOC through their representatives. 

  • Additionally, collaboration is expected from GEM partners Geoscience Australia (GA) and Geological and Nuclear Sciences (GNS), New Zealand, considering their active role in the region.

Location

Bhutan, El Salvador, Nepal, and small communities in oceans

Project Deliverables


Component 1: Modeling earthquake hazard and risk for small communities

D1.1 New seismic hazard models, suitable for risk assessment and hazard mapping.

D1.2 Quantification of earthquake risk and losses, with country profiles.


Component 2: Predicting the evolution of the built environment and population

D2.1 Technical report with a brief description of the methodology for predicting the building

environment evolution.

D2.2 Database of exposure models including projections for different epochs (2020, 2030,

2040, 2050) for the countries indicated in Component 1.


Component 3: Forecasting future disaster risk due to earthquakes

D3.1 Report on time-dependent hazard model for El Salvador

D3.2 Database with future seismic risk results for the countries considered in Component 1.

D3.3 Country profiles for future risk considering the Sendai Indicators.


Component 4: Expanding GEMs Global Exposure Model to cover infrastructure

D4.1 Technical report with a brief description of the methodology for leveraging on open data

to build exposure models for risk assessment and reduction.

D4.2 Database of healthcare facilities and transportation network for El Salvador, Nepal and

Bhutan.


Component 5: Advancing communication and dissemination of risk information

D5.1 Five online training workshops on earthquake hazard and risk assessment

D5.2 Three online workshops for earthquake risk awareness

D5.3 List of beneficiaries from onsite and online training

D5.4 Country profiles for risk management for the countries in the Global Seismic Risk Model


Online and Onsite Training Workshops


This part of the program is designed to improve the understanding and awareness of earthquake hazards and risks and to help bridge the gap between the information produced in the project sites and its communication to a wide variety of stakeholders through online and onsite training workshops.


Under the FORCE project, Spring and Autumn OpenQuake training courses will be offered. Please check back regularly for the latest training activities.


Modules covered by the OpenQuake Online Training Courses

The online training Modules 2-4, discuss how to explore and prepare the required input files for earthquake scenarios, PSHA (such as hazard maps for different return periods, hazard curves, and uniform hazard spectra), and event-based risk analysis in the OpenQuake-engine, how to run an example and visualise the results. Module 1 OQ Introduction is a self-learning module available at training.openquake.org.

OpenQuake Online Training

Language: Spanish


Upcoming session dates

Module II (part 1) February 6, 2024

Module II (part 2) February 20, 2024

Module III February 13, 2024

Module IV February 27, 2024

-----

OpenQuake Training: an online course for beginners

Language: English


Completed session dates

March 20, 2023

March 27, 2023

April 17, 2023

April 24, 2023

-----

Advancing communication and dissemination of risk information

The activities in this component are focused on raising awareness of the public on earthquake hazard and risk by training a diverse group of disaster risk reduction (DRR) professionals together with personnel in charge of communicating risk to the public, and by conducting community-based workshops in the pilot countries.

FORCE project: Groundwork activities gain strong support from local and national stakeholders in Nepal


GEM’s USAID-supported Forecasting and Communicating Earthquake Hazard and Risk (FORCE) project kicked off in Kathmandu, Nepal from February 20th to 24th by meeting local and national partners involved in disaster risk reduction activities in the country. A half-day introductory workshop for key project stakeholders on February 24th capped the groundwork activities. (report with detailed information)

Read more

Strengthening Bhutan's Resilience: GEM's Collaborative Efforts in Seismic Risk Reduction 


Thimphu, Bhutan - March 15, 2024. The Global Earthquake Model (GEM) Foundation's USAID-supported project, Forecasting and Communicating Earthquake Hazard and Risk (FORCE), recently concluded a successful week of activities in Bhutan (March 11-15, 2024). Led by GEM's Alejandro Calderon and Catarina Costa, the project focuses on strengthening local capacities and improving earthquake risk reduction in the country (report with detailed information). 

Read more

A Resilient Future: Embracing Innovation and Leveraging Local Expertise and Collaboration to Enhance Seismic Risk Reduction in El Salvador


The Global Earthquake Model (GEM) Foundation's USAID-supported project, Forecasting and Communicating Earthquake Hazard and Risk (FORCE), has been working to help strengthen local capacities and improve earthquake risk reduction in El Salvador. The project has conducted two visits to the country, bringing together government agencies, scientists, engineers, and other stakeholders to discuss seismic hazard assessment, risk analysis, and communication strategies (report with detailed information). 

Read more - English | Spanish

FORCE Project Update: Predicting Urban Growth and Population Evolution


One critical component of this project involves predicting urban growth and population evolution. This involves analysing more than 20 potential drivers of urban development over several decades. These encompass factors such as demographic trends, economic metrics, and land-use patterns. The FORCE team is actively developing urban growth models utilising techniques like regression analysis and machine learning. Currently, these models are undergoing meticulous evaluation to ensure their ability to replicate observed increases in dwelling numbers and construction areas. 

Read more

Earthquakes in El Salvador: What Do We Know and How Could They Affect Us in the Coming Years? 


GEM's FORCE project made notable developments in #ElSalvador last week. Various meetings and technical activities were conducted highlighted by a workshop that convened stakeholders to discuss the topic "#Earthquakes in El Salvador: What Do We Know and How Could They Affect Us in the Coming Years?" In collaboration with the USAID - Bureau for Humanitarian Assistance (USAID/BHA), and national partners Ministerio de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales de El Salvador (MARN) and Dirección General de Protección Civil de El Salvador, this session marked a crucial step in advancing #seismic #risk #understanding and response capabilities.


Thanks to all for the productive discussions and active participation!

FORCE Project Updates: City Zonation workshops


Our sessions with USAID focused on city zonation for #emergencyresponse in #Medellin, followed by a workshop communicating #seismic #risk to first responders in our ongoing collaboration with Universidad EAFIT, #SIATA - Sistema de Alerta Temprana del Valle de Aburrá, and #AMVA - Área Metropolitana del Valle de Aburrá. These initiatives are fundamental in enhancing emergency preparedness efforts. 

#EmergencyPreparedness #SeismicRiskCommunication

SATIC Event, OpenQuake Conference, Cali Risk Assessment and Community Awareness Workshops


An event was held at the Banco de la República Auditorium in Cali, Colombia from November 21-25 to present seismic scenarios for Cali using Cali risk models; introduction of OpenQuake Tools; and training workshop for the use of the information repository and risk models, including awareness workshops for the community (local trainers, firefighters, civil defense). 

Read more

Workshop on Probabilistic Seismic Hazard Assessment (PSHA), Risk Analysis, and the OpenQuakeEngine at FEPADE in El Salvador


The Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources (MARN) of #ElSalvador and the GEM Foundation successfully concluded a workshop on Probabilistic Seismic Hazard Assessment (#PSHA), #Risk #Analysis, and the #OpenQuakeEngine at FEPADE in El Salvador, as part of the USAID - Bureau for Humanitarian Assistance-supported #FORCE #Project. This workshop substantially contributes to building local expertise in this crucial pilot project area, reinforcing El Salvador's #earthquake #resilience. We extend heartfelt thanks to our dedicated #local #partners for their invaluable contributions, pivotal in ensuring the success of this event! 

Read more

Online session on seismic hazard and risk assessment in the Pacific


Our FORCE project team successfully concluded an online session on seismic hazard and risk assessment in the #Pacific. With participation from 15 attendees representing 7 countries, the session explored Session 1 - Seismic #hazard and #risk information available in the Global Mosaic. 


Attendees were informed of various #earthquake #hazard and #risk outputs within the GEM Foundation, such as hazard maps, hazard curves, uniform hazard spectra, #exposure models, #vulnerability and #fragility models, and risk metrics. Discussions also focused on what information is included in GEM’s Country Seismic Risk Profiles. These insights underscored the significance of #seismic #assessment in the region. Stay tuned for updates on future sessions! #FORCEProject #SeismicAssessment #GEMFoundation 

New GEM-USAID Project Forecasting and Communicating Earthquake Hazard and Risk (FORCE) launched 


On the heels of the successful completion of the TREQ project partnership this year, GEM and USAID Bureau for Humanitarian Assistance (BHA) are embarking on a new project called Forecasting and Communicating Earthquake Hazard and Risk or FORCE. The project aims to strengthen the capacities and understanding to manage and respond to future earthquake risk. 

Read more

BUSINESS NEWS

Activities in Bhutan (March 11-15, 2024)

A series of technical meetings and workshops on the FORCE project in Bhutan was held from the 11th to the 15th of March 2024.

BUSINESS NEWS

El Salvador Stakeholder Workshop January 11, 2024


Earthquakes in El Salvador: What Do We Know and How Could They Affect Us in the Coming Years?

BUSINESS NEWS

El Salvador Meetings January 9, 2024


Meetings with the Protección Civil de El Salvador.

BUSINESS NEWS

Medellin Workshops December 2023 with AMVA

Workshops on city zonation for #emergencyresponse in #Medellin, followed by a workshop communicating #seismic #risk to first responders in our ongoing collaboration with Universidad EAFIT, #SIATA - Sistema de Alerta Temprana del valle de Aburrá, and #AMVA - Área Metropolitana del Valle de Aburrá.

BUSINESS NEWS

El Salvador November 2023 Workshop

Introduction to Probabilistic Seismic Hazard (PSHA) and Risk Analysis and the OpenQuake Engine with MARN hosted by the Fundación Empresarial para el Desarrollo Educativo (FEPADE) November 6-10, 2023.

BUSINESS NEWS

SATIC event in Cali, Colombia Nov 21-25, 2022

BUSINESS NEWS

Kick-off meetings in Nepal

The launch meetings of the FORCE project – Forecasting and Communicating Earthquake Hazard and Risk were held in the city of Kathmandu, Nepal, from 20th to 24th February 2023.

Similar to the TREQ project, reports and publications relevant to each of the FORCE project components will be produced and published in due course. This page is dedicated to this purpose.

Forecasting and Communicating Earthquake Risk - Bhutan

Technical Visits in Bhutan 


A series of technical meetings and workshops of the FORCE project – Forecasting and Communication Earthquake Risk – were held in Bhutan from the 11th to the 15th of March 2024. One-to-one meetings were organised with the main governmental departments involved in Disaster Risk Reduction activities in the country, along with a workshop held in Thimphu on 12th March 2024, that included an important group of stakeholders. Moreover, a presentation to students and college staff from the Royal University of Bhutan in Phuentsholing was held on the 14th of March 2024. Representatives of the GEM Foundation and the College of Science and Technology (CST) from the Royal University of Bhutan (RUB) attended all meetings and were the coordinators of the visit activities in the country. 

Pronostico y Comunicacion de Riesgos por Terremotos

Visitas técnicas en El Salvador 


EL proyecto FORCE: Pronóstico y comunicación de la amenaza y el riesgo de terremotos (Forecasting and Communicating Earthquake Hazard and Risk por sus siglas en inglés), realizó dos visitas a El Salvador con el objetivo de fortalecer las capacidades locales y la comunicación de los resultados de riesgo sísmico a las diferentes entidades que forman parte de la prevención,  gestión y respuesta ante terremotos destructivos en el país. De la mano del Ministerio de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales (MARN) se realizaron talleres y reuniones con diferentes actores del sector público como Protección Civil, Ministerio de Obras Públicas, Fondo de Conservación Vial de El Salvador, Cuerpo de Bomberos, Ministerio de Educación, Instituto Salvadoreño del Seguro Social, Oficina de Planificación del Área Metropolitana de San Salvador (OPAMSS), entre otros. 

Kick-off meetings in Nepal FORCE Project

The launch meetings of the FORCE project – Forecasting and Communication Earthquake Risk were held in Kathmandu, Nepal, from 20th to 24th February 2023. Multiple one-to-one meetings were held with the main governmental departments involved in Disaster Risk Reduction activities, and a workshop with an important group of stakeholders was held on 24th February 2023. Representatives of the GEM Foundation and NSET attended all meetings and will be the coordinators of the project activities in the country.

Disclaimer

The contents of this project website such as studies, reports, audio-visual, news articles, blogs, and other information or media products including those in the external links are made possible by the generous support of the American people through the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). The contents are the responsibility of the Global Earthquake Model (GEM) Foundation and do not necessarily reflect the views of USAID or the United States Government.

bottom of page