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The GEM Foundation (Global Earthquake Model) is located in the university town of Pavia, Italy, and is part of the Pavia Risk Centre - a knowledge-hub of organisations, people and institutions working on ‘understanding and managing risk’. The GEM Secretariat is hosted by the EUCENTRE - one of GEM's sponsors and core institutions of the Pavia Risk Centre.


Medieval Tower, Pavia, Italy

Anchor 1


From the airport

There are three international airports close to Pavia: Milan Linate - 50km, Milan Malpensa - 90km and Orio al Serio (Bergamo) -100km.


Linate Airport

There is no direct connection between Linate airport and the GEM Secretariat or Pavia Centre. A taxi from Linate to Pavia will cost around €100. The Linate Airport and the center of Milan are also connected with the stops of the M4 metro line: Tricolore and San Babila, in service from Monday to Thursday from 6:00 AM to 10:00 PM; and from Friday to Sunday from 6:00 AM to 12:30 AM, then it is possible to go by metro to the Central Station. Once you arrive at Milano Centrale you can then take the train to Pavia (see below).


Further information can be found on the Malpensa/Linate website.

Malpensa Airport

There is no direct connection between Malpensa and the GEM Secretariat or Pavia Centre. You will have to go through the city of Milan. If you land at either Malpensa 1 or Malpensa 2 (Easyjet), there are various options from there:


From Malpensa Terminal 1, you can take the Malpensa Express train going to Milan Cadorna or Central Station. A single ticket costs €11 and the train takes about an hour to arrive. From there you can take the green metro line to Milan Central Station. ** From Milan Central Station there are trains going to Pavia (timetables can be found on the Trenitalia website). From the Central Station of Pavia take the bus to the GEM Secretariat - see below. 


Taking the bus to Milan Central Station (right outside both Malpensa Terminal 1 and 2). There are buses almost every 15 minutes during the day, operated by Malpensa Shuttle or Autostradale; the cost of a single ticket is €10. It takes about 45 minutes from Terminal 1, 35 minutes from Terminal 2. From there, follow the route as described above **


A taxi from Malpensa to Pavia centre / the GEM Secretariat will cost around €165. Further information can be found on the Malpensa/Linate website.


Orio al Serio Airport (Bergamo)

There is no direct connection between the airport of Orio al Serio and Pavia. A taxi from Orio al Serio to Pavia will cost around €175. The fastest way to reach the GEM Secretariat is to take a bus to Milan Central Station (regular services are operated by both Orio Shuttle and Autostradale, a ticket costs around €10) and from there take a train to Pavia.



Further information can be found on the Orio al Serio website.




Using public transport



There is a regular train service between Milan and Pavia:


Intercity trains are fastest (23 minutes) and usually only stop at Milan Central and Pavia Central station. You need a specific ticket, which costs €10 for a single trip. See for more information. 


There are many regional trains. Some stop at many small stations, others only at Milan Rogoredo and Milan Lambrate stations. A single ticket costs €4,40.


There is a commuter train between Milan and Pavia (S13, operated by Trenord). The train departs from Bovisa and stops at all major metro stations.



There are two bus lines connecting Pavia's Central Station to the GEM Secretariat: bus 3 and bus 6. Tickets (€ 1,50 for a single journey) can be bought at a kiosk inside the station. From the station, you can take Bus 3 – Colombarone or Bus 3 – C. Pelizza. Get off at the Tibaldi bus stop. Or take Bus 6 – C. Pelizza from the Manzoni Guidi bus stop, near the Libertà statue, circle. Get off at Abbiategrasso – Instituto Volta bus stop.

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