South America (v.2016)

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DESCRIPTION

South America is part of GEM's Global Earthquake Hazard and Risk Maps released to the public in December 2018. As part of the mosaic, the seismic hazard, exposure and vulnerability models employed in the calculations were either provided by national institutions, or developed within the scope of regional programs, bilateral collaborations, or by GEM. Click View for details.

APPLICATION

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Hazard
Risk

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Manual

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Hazard

The first version of the South America Model (SAM) was developed in the framework of the SARA project (SARA project v1.0, Garcia et al., 2017) funded by Swiss Re Foundation and benefits of the contribution of an important group of South American Institutions.

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GEM

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Model

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Now

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Open By Attribution, Share-Alike and Commercial use provided the by-products are shared under the same conditions as the original license

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CC BY-SA

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Exposure

Exposure data for Admin level 1 for population, commercial, industrial and residential buildings

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GEM

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Open By Attribution, Share-Alike and Commercial use provided the by-products are shared under the same conditions as the original license

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Exposure Documentation: The current model for South America does not have specific documentation. For some information about the hazard, vulnerability and risk assessment methods used for South America, readers are referred to the following publications:

  • Yepes-Estrada, C, Silva, V, Valcárcel, J, et al. (2017) Modelling the residential building inventory in South America for seismic risk assessment. Earthquake Spectra 33(2): 581–604.

  • Santa María, H., Hube, M.A., Rivera, F. et al. Development of national and local exposure models of residential structures in Chile. Nat Hazards 86, 55–79 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11069-016-2518-3

Vulnerability

Vulnerability curves for all building classes

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GEM

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Model

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Open By Attribution, Share-Alike and Commercial use provided the by-products are shared under the same conditions as the original license

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CC BY-SA

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Documentation
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Vulnerability Documentation: The current model for South America does not have specific documentation. For some information about the hazard, vulnerability and risk assessment methods used for South America, readers are referred to the following publications:

  • Villar-Vega, M, Silva, V, Crowley, H, et al. (2016) Development of a fragility model for the residential building stock in South America. Earthquake Spectra 33: 581–604.

  • Martins L, Silva V (2020). Development of a Fragility and Vulnerability Model for Global Seismic Risk Assessment. Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10518-020-00885-1

Loss assessment

  • Acevedo, A, Jaramillo, J, Yepes-Estrada, C, et al. (2017) Exploring the seismic risk of the unreinforced masonry building stock in Antioquia, Colombia. Natural Hazards 86(1): 31–54.

  • Acevedo, AB, Jaramillo, JD, Yepes-Estrada, C, Silva, V (2017b) Seismic damage scenarios for unreinforced masonry structures of Bogotá, Medellín and Cali (Colombia). In: 16th world conference on earthquake engineering, Santiago, 9–13 January, Paper No. 905. Santiago: WCEE.

  • Yepes-Estrada, C, Silva, V (2017) Probabilistic seismic risk assessment of the residential building stock is South America. In: 16th world conference on earthquake engineering, Santiago, 9–13 January, Paper No. 2050. Santiago: WCEE.

  • Villar-Vega, M, Silva, V (2017) Assessment of earthquake damage considering the characteristics of past events in South America. Earthquake Engineering and Soil Dynamics 99: 86–96.

  • Silva V, Amo-Oduro D, Calderon A, Costa C, Dabbeek J, Despotaki V, Martins L, Pagani M, Rao A, Simionato M, Viganò D, Yepes-Estrada C, Acevedo A, Crowley H, Horspool N, Jaiswal K, Journeay M, Pittore M (2019). Development of a Global Seismic Risk Model. Earthquake Spectra, doi.org/10.1177/8755293019899953. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/8755293019899953

Country Profiles

Title
Status
Argentina
Available
Bolivia
Available
Brazil
Available
Chile
Available
Colombia
Available
Ecuador
Available
El Salvador
Available
Peru
Available
Venezuela
Available

Maintained by

GEM

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CC BY-SA

Availability

Now

Product restrictions

Open By Attribution, Share-Alike and Commercial use provided the by-products are shared under the same conditions as the original license

GEM License Types


  • AGPL – GNU Affero General Public License, used mostly for software

  • CC BY – Creative Commons, By-Attribution

  • CC BY-SA – Creative Commons, By-Attribution, Share-Alike

  • CC BY-NC-SA – Creative Commons, By Attribution, Non-Commercial, Share-Alike

  • NDA – Non-Disclosure Agreement (By request for public-good, non-commercial use.)

  • Other/Commercial – If a product is not available under a license that suits your needs, such as for commercial application, please contact us to discuss your use case and other partnership/licensing options and fees.


More details on GEM’s licensing terms here.

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Apologies for the inconvenience, the online NDA application is temporarily unavailable due to ongoing revisions.Please send your request to product@globalquakemodel.org.
Thank you.

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