GEM was triggered in 2006 by the first of three workshops on Earthquake
Science organised under the auspices of the OECD Global Science Forum.
In 2007, GEM’s financial feasibility received a critical boost when
Munich Re agreed to become its first and main private participant through a
5M Euro contribution for a 5 years period. Further details can be found
in this press release.
Four scientists played a particularly relevant role in bringing GEM to fruition:
- Jochen Zschau (GFZ Potsdam)
- Ross Stein (US Geological Survey)
- Domenico Giardini (ETH Zurich)
- Anselm Smolka (Munich Re)
The contribution of the following individuals in the early stages of GEM
is also acknowledged: Frederic Sgard (OECD-GSF), Kate Stillwell
(UC Berkeley), Conrad Lindholm (NORSAR).
At the 11th OECD-GSF Meeting, the German delegation proposed to hold a workshop on “Earthquake Science”
The proposed workshop took place in Potsdam, Germany, with a modified
title of “Earthquake Science and its Contribution to Society”. From this
workshop the need to create a Global Earthquake Risk Scenario Map was
A follow-up workshop took place in Gebze, Turkey. The main features and
methodology necessary to produce a “Global Earthquake Risk Mapping and
Monitoring Programme (GEM)” were defined.
Third workshop held in Paris with the objective of finalizing the GEM Business Plan.
Strategic planning meeting at Zurich to present GEM to the global professional community
The EUCENTRE (Pavia, Italy) was selected by the interim Governing Board as the GEM Secretariat hosting institution.
The GEM Foundation, a non-profit organisation, was incorporated. With that GEM became a legal entity.